Dyslexia Symptoms and Treatment for Children

Dealing with Dyslexia

Dyslexia has become the most common learning disability in children. Estimates from the National Institute of Health have stated that 15 percent of the U.S. population might have some form of dyslexia. The severity of dyslexia varies greatly in people; some experience severe symptoms while others demonstrate mild symptoms. The rise in estimates of those suffering from Dyslexia has risen because of better diagnostic tools.

The most common definition of Dyslexia is that it diminishes a person’s capacity to read, spell, write, and in some cases speak. The cause of Dyslexia is the brain has an inability to decode images received from the eyes and ears into comprehensible language, or the brain is unable to associate the printed symbols of words with language because of some miscue in the brain.

It is important to note that Dyslexia is not a form of mental retardation, lack of intelligence, or brain damage, nor is it a result of hearing or vision problems. In most cases, Dyslexia occurs in children who have normal intelligence, hearing, and vision.

Unfortunately, Dyslexia is not curable; however, the younger a child is treated for Dyslexia, the better the outcome. Even so, a person of any age can benefit from intervention and help with coping with Dyslexia.
 

Common Symptoms of Dyslexia

Pre-school Children with Dyslexia

Has difficulty learning to talk
Has difficulty learning new words quickly
Has difficulty learning the letters of the alphabet
Has difficulty rhyming words
Has difficulty writing letters correctly; writes letters in reverse or mirror writing

Kindergarten through 2nd Grade Students with Dyslexia

Struggles with learning the alphabet in order
Struggles with associating the alphabet letters with their corresponding sounds
Struggles with counting syllables within words
Struggles with blending various sounds to create words
Mixes up sounds in multiple syllable words

Dyslexia in Students 3rd Grade and Older

Reads below grade level
Spells poorly
Does not comprehend instructions with more than one step
Has difficulty sounding out pronunciations of new words
Sees letter or words in reverse.

Dsylexia Treatment

The earlier intervention is started the better the outcome will be. Programs that help treat Dyslexia focus on techniques that involve all of the senses to improve reading skills. One example is listening to a letter of the alphabet being read out loud while using a finger to trace the outline of the letter. Programs to aid children with Dyslexia will start with the study phonemes, which are the small distinctive sounds in words, such as /b/ in bat.

Then the educational strategies will go on to phonic recognition, building a vocabulary, oral reading ability and reading comprehension. Meanwhile, parents will be encouraged to read out loud to their children while children follow along in the book as often as possible. Listening to books on tape also helps. The more exposure to the correct sound of words and their corresponding symbols helps the brain overcome its miscues.

Because children with Dyslexia have difficulty in reading, it can lead to low self-esteem problems, which in turn can lead to behavioral problems. It is vitally important that parents respond in a positive and supportive way, so children can learn to cope with their disability. With the proper treatment, support, and educational strategy, children with dyslexia can grow into successful adults.